Prospects and opportunities for using LNG for bunkering in the Arctic regions of Russia

May 2017

A WWF report by Alexander Klimentyev, Alexey Knizhnikov, Alexey

The Arctic region of Russia is considered to be one of the key economic areas and can open up a crucial transit route, connecting Europe and Asia.
A unique feature of this route is that there is a possibility to set up LNG bunkering facilities along almost the entire length of it, using natural gas from on- and offshore deposits.
This report presents data, facts and arguments for wide LNG implementation in Russian Arctic.


2017 год, Год экологии в России, позволил привлечь внимание и принять практические меры по снижению зависимости от судового остаточного топлива (ТОТ) в судоходстве, а также расширить область применения сжиженного природного газа (СПГ) в качестве судоходного топлива. Данная инфографика демонстрирует плюсы перехода от остаточных видов топлива к альтернативным, с особым фокусом на СПГ, и их способность удовлетворить требования и нормы по использованию судами более экологичных видов топлива и более современных технологий для снижения вредных выбросов в атмосферу.

2017, the Russian Year of Ecology, has created an opportunity to attract public attention and take practical steps away from dependence on heavy fuel oil (HFO) for shipping, and to expand the use of liquefied natural gas (LNG) use as marine fuel. This infographic shows the advantages of moving away from residual fuels to alternative fuels, with an emphasis on LNG, to deliver on international regulations and requirements that ships use cleaner fuels and new technologies in order to reduce emissions to the atmosphere.


Launched in January 2017 by the Clean Arctic Alliance and cruise ship operator Hurtigruten, this leaflet explains the aims of the Arctic Commitment which are to encourage stakeholders to urge the IMO to phase out HFO use in Arctic shipping and urge shipping companies in the Arctic to switch from the use of HFO to cleaner fuels.

Ecological, economic and social costs of marine/coastal spills of fuel oils (refinery residuals)

A report by Tim Deere-Jones

The growing demands for shorter, quicker and less expensive sea routes around the northern hemisphere coupled with Arctic warming is generating a significant increase in vessel traffic through Arctic waters. This report offers a brief review of the behaviour and fate of both heavy fuel oil (HFO) and medium fuel oil (MFO) spills in polar, sub-polar and similar cold water marine environments. It also offers a brief review of the impacts of such spills and the relative “costing” of some of the impact parameters of such spills.

Risks & challenges of Heavy Fuel Oil use in the Arctic

An infographic by the European Climate Foundation

Increased shipping activities and changeable shipping conditions provide the backdrop of this comprehensive and visual representation of the many threats facing the Arctic environment, from heavy fuel oil spill, with catastrophic long-lasting consequences on this remote and vulnerable ecosystem, local indigenous populations’ health and food security to illegal waste sludge dumping. Increased Black Carbon and other air pollutants emissions only accelerate climate change and add to the problem of ice melt.

Постановление об официальной позиции альянса “Чистая Арктика”

Position Statement by the Clean Arctic Alliance – HFO-Free Arctic: Ban Heavy Fuel Oil from Arctic Shipping (Russian language)

The use of heavy fuel oil (HFO) by vessels operating in the Arctic poses a major risk to the Arctic marine environment. It produces harmful emissions that negatively impact the global climate, threatens the food security, livelihood and way of life of Arctic communities and produces emissions that impact human health. As the use of HFO is expected to rise as vessel traffic in the Arctic increases, the Clean Arctic Alliance strongly advocates the phasing out of the use of HFO as the most effective mitigation strategy as a matter of priority.