Альянс «Чистая Арктика» приветствует совместное заявление Президента России Владимира Путина и Президента Финляндии Саули Ниинистё о необходимости перехода на более экологичное судовое топливо в Арктических широтах, например, на сжиженный природный газ (СПГ).
Five briefing papers prepared by Bryan Comer PhD, The International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT)
The use of heavy fuel oil (HFO) as a marine fuel poses serious environmental and economic risks, especially in ecologically sensitive areas like the Arctic. Using HFO is risky not only because of potential fuel oil spills, but also because burning it produces harmful air and climate pollutants, including black carbon (BC). As ship traffic increases in the Arctic, the risk to the Arctic environment and its peoples will also increase.
These 5 briefings look at HFO use by flag state, ship type, ship owner, cruise ships,| fishing vessels in the IMO Polar Code Arctic, 2015.
An ICCT report by Bryan Comer, Naya Olmer, Xiaoli Mao, Biswajoy Roy, and Dan Rutherford
Ships are an efficient way to move cargo, transporting approximately 80% of the world’s goods by volume, but ships also threaten human health, ecosystems, and the climate. This report focuses on the air and climate pollutant black carbon (BC). As one component of fine particulate matter (PM2.5), BC contributes to heart and lung disease and is also a danger to the environment. Globally, BC from all sources is the second largest cause of human-induced climate change and is contributing to the rapid decline in Arctic sea ice.
This report presents a bottom-up, activity-based global inventory of BC emissions, residual fuel use, and residual fuel carriage from commercial ships in the global fleet for the year 2015. In addition, the report analyzes the BC reduction potential of four technology scenarios: switching all ships from residual to distillate fuels; switching some ships from residual or distillate fuel to LNG; installing exhaust gas cleaning systems on ships; and installing diesel particulate filters (DPFs).