The Arctic HFO Ban: The Story So Far

Infographic: An Arctic Heavy Fuel Oil Ban: The Story So Far

Given the severe risks associated with HFO, the international shipping community banned its use and carriage by ships around Antarctica in 2011. A ban on HFO in the Arctic was considered in 2013 during the deliberations on the International Maritime Organization (IMO) Polar Code, but while some member states were supportive, no consensus was reached. In April 2018, agreement was reached to develop a ban. Now, in 2019, with an Arctic HFO ban on the way – and this infographic charts the progress so far.

Residuals bunker fuel ban in the IMO Arctic waters CE Delft: Residuals bunker fuel ban in the IMO Arctic waters: An assessment of costs and benefits

CE Delft: Residuals bunker fuel ban in the IMO Arctic waters: An assessment of costs and benefits

The IMO has agreed to start working on the development of a ban on the use and carriage of heavy fuel oil (HFO) as fuel by ships in Arctic waters. Such a ban would not prohibit the carriage of heavy grade oil in bulk as cargo, but would require ships sailing in the Arctic waters to use and carry non-HFO bunker fuels only. This would lead to a reduction of black carbon emissions and reduce costs and damages in case of an oil spill, but also impose additional costs on ship owners/operators that otherwise would have used and/or carried HFO bunkers or blends thereof for on-board combustion purposes.

Cleaner Shipping – Focus on air pollution, technical solutions and regulation

A Report by the Danish Ecological Council

This publication focuses on air pollution with CO₂, SO₂, NOx and fine/ultrafine particles from shipping, technical solutions, existing regulation, the need for further regulation and enforcement. The purpose is to inspire decision-makers and other key stakeholders to implement more ambitious regulation as well as enforcement to reduce air pollution from shipping to the benefit of shipping as a business, the climate, public health and nature.

Five briefings: Heavy Fuel Oil use by flag state | ship type| ship owner| cruise ships | fishing vessels in the IMO Polar Code Arctic, 2015

Five briefing papers prepared by Bryan Comer PhD, The International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT)

The use of heavy fuel oil (HFO) as a marine fuel poses serious environmental and economic risks, especially in ecologically sensitive areas like the Arctic. Using HFO is risky not only because of potential fuel oil spills, but also because burning it produces harmful air and climate pollutants, including black carbon (BC). As ship traffic increases in the Arctic, the risk to the Arctic environment and its peoples will also increase.
These briefings look at HFO use by flag state, ship type, ship owner, cruise ships, fishing vessels in the IMO Polar Code Arctic, 2015.